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About Moldavian Wine

GRAPE AND VINICULTURE AREAS OF MOLDAVIA moldova-engi1n0

Moldavia is conditionally divided into four areas, which differ with natural conditions: the Central, Southeast, Southern and Northern ones.

THE CENTRAL (CODRU) AREA

 

This area is located between the forest hills being in previous times the shelter for haiducks. The favorable landscape of the area defends the vineyards from winter frosts and summer drought typical for the continental climate. The most part of the Moldavian vineyards is located in the Central area (up to 60%).

The Central area is the most industrially developed one in Moldavia. Here are the main wineries specialized both in primary winemaking and in production and bottling of all kinds of wine.

The famous depositories of Moldavian wine are also in the area of Codru, the most remarkable are Braneshty, Crikovo and Mileshty, each being capable to comprise not less than 1mln decaliters of wine in their tuns and booths expanded for tens of kilometers deep under the ground in excavations of shell rock Kishinev is built of.

The diversity of the area (micro-areas) allows producing the unique wine controlled by origin in Codru area. Here are the vineyards of "Romaneshty" winery, the former royal estate of the Romanovs, the micro-area of Hincesti. More than 100 years the red wine has been produced in this micro-area from Cabernet-Sauvignon and Merlot grape sorts; the best of them could be highly competitive with the famous "Chateaux" of Bordeaux. The local red wine taps have been repeatedly rewarded with the first prizes at prestigious international contests.

SOUTHEAST or PURCAR AREA

Southeast (Purcar) area has stretched a thin stripe along the west bank of Dniestr. Here is the Purcar Wine Making Center, notable with its red Roshu and Negru. The climate conditions are favorable for growing red wine sorts - Merlot, Cabernet-Sauvignon, and Rara Nyagre, which are basic for vintage wine production notable for full, harmonious taste and rich bouquet with tones of morocco, black currant, violet and noble oak. At the end of the 19-th century Purcar wines were supplied for the British Royal Court.

THE SOUTHERN AREA

The Southern area of Moldavia consists of BUDZHAK and the SOUTH itself. These regions are similar in their dryness but differ with soil-climatic conditions. The conditions of the Southern zone are favorable for making red and dessert wines. Comrat, Taraklia, Chumai and Trifeshty are recognized as the most well-known winemaking centers of the given area.

THE NORTHERN AREA

The Northern area has no considerable industrial vineyards plantations. Here are those for producing cognac wine stocks, special fortified wines, and partially for producing messing grapes. More and more messing and Champagne wines are produced; however, Moldavia remains a large producer both of special wines and cognacs. Among the special wines one can note the wines of Port, Madeira, Cherry, and Marsala types.

The white sorts of grapes are mainly grown in the north of Moldavia, namely: Aligote, Pino, Fetyasca, and Traminer.